The Cardinalis cardinalis (scientific name) or Northern cardinal is a North American bird, found in woodlands and swamps, from Southern Canada to Eastern United States and Mexico. With a striking red plumage in the male (a duller red-brown shade in the female), the cardinal is a mid-sized song-bird whose height does not exceed 8 inches. The Northern cardinal has a distinctive crest on its head and black markings around its eyes (grey in females) which makes it attractive. The cardinal’s diet mainly consists of grains, but it also eats insects and fruits. An average of 2-4 eggs are laid each year. The males in this species are quite territorial, and they mark their territory with a song! Its IUCN listing is the LEAST CONCERN.