Java Sparrow

The Lonchura oryzivora (scientific name) or Java sparrow is a small resident-breeder of Java, Bali and Bawean in Indonesia. 15-17 inches in height, the Java sparrow has pretty distinguishing features. The male and the female have very little difference. The head and the tail are black. The upperparts and chest are grey with a pink belly, white cheeks, pink feet, red beak and eye rings. Its diet is comprised only of grains and seeds, making it an agricultural nuisance. An average clutch has 4-6 eggs, but the female can lay as many as 8 eggs. Incubation is for 14 days. As a result of hunting and habitat loss, this bird is becoming rarer and rarer to find. Its IUCN listing is VULNERABLE.

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