Common Indian Toad


Common name : Black-spined toad, Asian toad, Black spectacled toad, Common sunda toad, Javanese toad

Scientific name : Duttaphrynus melanostictus/Bufo melanostictus

Family : Bufonidae

Native to : Widely distributed in South and South-East Asia

Interesting fact : The gland behind its eyes produces toxins to ward off predators

Conservation status : Least Concern

The skins are covered in warts that end in black-coloured spines giving them their name. They can be found hiding under stones near river banks, forest edges and also suburbs. They feed on insects, earthworms, spiders and scorpions, and breed in slow-flowing rivers, pools and ponds. They are quite large growing to 20 cm and live for 4 years.

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