American Toad

Scientific name : Anaxyrus americanus

Family : Bufonidae

Native to : Eastern United States and Canada

Interesting fact : It uses defensive tactics like playing dead and puffing up to twice its size.

Conservation status : Least Concern

Three sub-species are known, viz. Eastern American toad, Dwarf American toad and Hudson Bay toad. The warty toad turns yellow, brown or black in response to humidity, stress and temperature. Its skin produces toxin to deter predators. The moisture-loving nocturnal feeders lash out their sticky tongues at their prey. Males call out to females using a long trill like crickets.

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