The telescope was invented in 1609, by a scientist named Galileo Galilei in Italy. He made a small homemade telescope to gaze at the stars. The first telescopes were refracting telescopes. This means that one looks through the telescope from one lens to the other through to the image. Later, a well-known telescope was made by Johannes Hevelius. In the 1680s, Isaac Newton invented the reflecting telescope. This type of telescope had a mirror inside that would reflect the image to a focal point.