Martin Luther King was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. Martin Luther King Jr was born in the United States of America to African-American parents. At birth he was named Michael King, but his father later changed his name to Martin Luther King Jr. He fought to get more equal treatment for all Americans. He delivered his famous speech, ‘I Have a Dream’ at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, in 1963. The speech lasted for 17 minutes. He drew his references from a variety of sources, including the Bible, the US Declaration of Independence and Shakespeare. Over 250,000 people gathered in the country’s capital to hear Martin and other activists speak about the importance of civil rights. It was ranked the top speech of the 20th century. It has become one of the most famous speeches in history and focuses on Martin’s dream of a society where black people and white people live together in harmony. In October 1964, Martin won the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in opposing racial discrimination through non-violent protest and other means.