What is a Waterfall?

When a river or a stream suddenly ends at the edge of a cliff and gushes down over the side or wall of a rock, it is known as a waterfall. Waterfalls are commonly formed in the upper course of a river in steep mountains. A huge waterfall is known as a cataract. A small waterfall is known as a cascade. Niagara Falls, which has the biggest volume of water in the world, has been formed by an overhanging rock ledge made of ‘dolomite’. The Niagara River falls over this cliff of dolomite, right into a huge pool below. The other two most famous waterfalls are Victoria Falls in Africa and Iguassu Falls in South America.

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