Niagara Falls is connected with the Niagara River. This river flows out of Lake Erie into Lake Ontario. According to geologists, these falls are not more than 10,000–15,000 years old. During the Ice Age, the Niagara region was covered by glaciers. Slowly, the glaciers melted and Lake Erie was formed. Eventually, Lake Erie water overflowed and River Niagara was formed. This river flows northwards and spills over a huge cliff, which is layered by limestone rocks. This is how Niagara Falls was created. The force of the fall has cut back the path of the river by 11 km.