Common name : Rye

Scientific name : Secalecereale

Family : Poaceae

Native land : Mediterranean region and Western Asia

Rye is one of the world’s most important cultivated grains. It is sometimes a weed of grain crops such as wheat. It is also widely planted as a cover crop, and is sometimes used to prevent erosion. The plant has spikes composed of two or more spikelets bearing florets that develop one-seeded fruits, or grains. It is high in carbohydrates. Rye is used chiefly as flour for bread, as livestock feed, and as a pasture plant. Because of its dark colour, a loaf made entirely from rye flour is called black bread.

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