Common name : Potato

Scientific name : Solanumtuberosum

Family : Solanaceae

Native land : South America

The potato is a starchy, tuberous perennial crop. It is widely cultivated for its edible tubers, which are used to produce a variety of products including chips, crisps and vodka. It is considered to be the fourth most important food‑crop (after wheat, maize and rice) across the world. Potato plant leaves are compound. The tubers are not roots, but modified stems or rhizomes, and the ‘eyes’ are leaf buds. Potato flowers are rather showy; they are star-shaped, white, lavender, pink or light blue with yellow centres. The fruits are like small green tomatoes, about an inch in diameter, and contain hundreds of seeds.

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