The Matala Caves are manmade Neolithic caves cut into the sandstone cliffs. The Matala Caves are located on the island of Crete, in Greece. These Caves were built in the Neolithic Period.
Why they are special: Built into the cliffs overlooking the beach, these Caves are ancient. However, their uniqueness and intrigue grew through the ages. During the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, the Caves were used as tombs during the Roman period. Decades later, the Caves and the island became a fishing village, which by the 1960s became a refuge for hippies who grew in numbers until the church and military finally threw them out.