Common name : Endive (Salad Greens)/Escarole

Scientific name : Cichoriumendivia

Family : Compositae/Asteraceae

Native land : Egypt, Europe

It is an edible annual leafy plant. Endive grows as a loose head or rosette of leaves that are extremely curled and serrated. The plant requires rich light, well-drained, unshaded soil. When sown late in the season, it behaves as a biennial. In cultivation, the endive leaves are sometimes tied together in such a way that light cannot strike them. This causes the leaves to become blanched (turn white), removing the bitter taste of the green leaf. There are two main varieties: one with narrow, curled leaves; the other with broad, ragged leaves. The broad-leaved variety is also called escarole.

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