The Alhambra is a palace and fortress complex, known in Arabic as Calat Alhamra.Alhambra is situated in Granada Province of Spain. The Palace was built initially as a small fort in 889 AD and was rebuilt in the mid-13th century.
Why it is special: Alhambra was purposefully constructed in a mountainous site with parks overgrown with plants, flowers and fruits surrounding the complex. Named the Royal Palace in 1333 for the Sultan of Granada, Alhambra has been named as a ‘pearl set among emeralds’, by Moorish poets for its idyllic setting among the woods. Over the years, Emperors did try to alter the Palace to more Renaissance tastes, but due to rebellions such constructions were never completed.