33. Detailed Chronology of India

3102. Epoch of the Kali Yuga Era and of the Bharata War according to some astronomers.
c. 2700. Date of Indus Valley Seal found.
2449. Date of heroes of the Bharata War according to a group of astronomers and chronologists.
c. 1435. Aryan Kings in Western Asia.
c. 1414. Date of the Bharata War according to certain Puranas.
c. 1375. Worship of Aryan deities in the land of the Mitanni.
817. Traditional date of the birth of Parsvanatha.
558. Accession of Cyrus the Great, conqueror of Kapisi.
544. Traditional Epoch of the Ceylonese Era of Buddha’s Nirvana.
527. Traditional Epoch of the Era of Mahavira’s Nirvana.
522. Accession of Darius I, conqueror of the ‘Indian’ satrapy of the Persian Empire.
c. 518-517. Naval expedition of Skylax and conquest of the Indian satrapy.
486. Cantonese date of Buddha’s Nirvana.
327-326. Invasion of India by Alexander.
325. Alexander leaves India.
c. 324. Rise of the Maurya Dynastry.
313. Jaina date of the year of Chandragupta’s acce-ssion, probably as ruler of Avanti.
c. 305. Indian expedition of Seleukos Nikatro.
c. 273-232. The reign of Asoka.
c. 206. Indian Expedition of Antiochos III, King of Syria.
c. 187. Rise of the Dynasty of Pushynamitra.
c. 145-101. Elara Chola, King of Ceylon.
138-88. Conflict of the kings of Parthia with Sakas in Eastern Iran.
c. 126. The Chinese ambassador Chang-Kien vists the Yuesh-chi in the Oxus rgion.
58. Epoch of the Krita—Malava—Vikrama Era.
57-38. Squared letters appear on Parthian coins.
c. 44-29. Tamil kings in Ceylon.
c. 30. End of Sunga-Kanva rule in Eastern Malwa. Satavahana supremacy in the Deccan.
c. 26-20. Indian embassies to Augustus.
2. A Chinese official instructed in Buddhism by a Yueh-chi King.
78. Epoch of the Saka Era.
Decline of the Parthian and the consolidation of the Kushan power in the Indus valley.
89-105. Kushan King repulsed by the Chinese General Pan Chao.
c. 100. Indian embassy to the Roman Emperor Trajan.
119-124. Nahapana. His power overthrown by Gautamiputra Satakarni.
130-150. Rudradaman I, contem-porary of Vasishthiputra Sri Satakarni.
248. Epoch of the Traikutaka-Kalachuri Era.
276-293. Sassanian conquest of parts of North-West India.
320. Gupta Era begins.
c. 360. Ceylonese Embassy to Samudra Gupta.
c. 380. Accession of Chandra Gupta II.
388. Lastest known date of the Sakas of western India.
405-411. Travels of Fa-Hien in the Gupta Empire.
c. 415. Accession of Kumara Gupta I.
436. Simhavarman, the Pallava King of Kanchi, mentioned in the Lokavibhaga.
455. Accession of Skanda Gupta.
467. Latest known date of Skanda Gupta.
473. Kumara Gupta II.
476. Birth of the astronomer Aryabhata.
c. 477-495. Reign of Budha Gupta.
510-511. Bhanu Gupta.
533. Yasodharman, conqueror of Mihirakula the Hun King.
543-544. Continuance of Gupta rule in North Bengal. Rise of the Chalukyas of Vatapi.
566-567. Accession of Kirti-varman I, Chalukya.
606. Accession of Harsha-vardhana.
609. Coronation of Pulakesin II, Chalukya.
619-620. Supremacy of Sasanka in Eastern India.
622. Era of the Hijra.
634. Reference to the fame of Kalidasa and Bharavi in the Aihole inscription.
637. Arab raid against Thana.
639. Foundation of Lhasa by Srong-tsan-Gampo.
641. Harsha’s embassy to China.
c. 642. Death of Pulakesin II.
Probable date of the death of Amsuvarman of Nepal.
c. 642-668. Narasimhavarman I the Great Pallava.
643. Harsha’s meeting with Hiuen-Tsang.
c. 646-647. Death of Harsha.
c. 647-648. Bhaskaravarman of Kumararaja, King of Kamarupa, helped Wang-Hiuen-T’se.
657. Third mission of Wand-Hiuen-T’se.
661. Guhila Aparajita.
667. ‘Five Indies’ send ambassadors to China.
672-673. Adityasena.
674. Vikramaditya I, chalukya.
Paramesvaravarman I, Pallva.
675-685. Itsing at Nalanda.
711. Invasion of Sind by Muhammad b. Qasim.
Defeat and death of Dahir.
713. Capture of Multan by the Muslims.
720. Sri Narasimha Potavar-man’s diplomatic rela-tions with China.
724-743. Junaid, Governor of Sind.
731. Yasovarman’s embassy to China.
733. Lalitaditya Muktapida receives investiture as king from the Emperor of China.
742. Dantidurga a feudatory of the Chalukyas.
743-789. Santarakshita and Padma sambhava invited to Tibet.
Rise of Lamaism.
753. Rise of the Rashtrakuta Empire.
783. Indrayudha (Kanauj).
Vatsaraja (Pratihara.)
793-815. Govinda III, Rashtrakuta.
815. Nagabhata (Pratihara.)
815-877. Amoghavarsha I, Rashtrakuta.
829. Harjara, King of Kamarupa
c. 836. Accession of Bhoja I, King of Kanauj.
855. Accession of Avantivarman of Kashmir.
c. 871-907. Aditya I Chola.
879. New Nepalese Era.
892. Coronation of Bhima I, Eastern Chalukya.
893. Mahendrapala I (Pratihara.)
907. Accession of Parantaka I, Chola.
914. Mahipala I (Pratihara.)
Continuance of Pratihara rule in Surashtra.
939. Yasaskara, King of Kashmir.
945. Coronation of Amma II (Vijayaditya VI), Eastern Chalukya.
c. 962. Foundation of the Kingdom of Ghazni.
973. Foundation of the later Chalukya Empire (of Kalyana).
977. Accession of Sabuktigin.
985. Accession of Rajaraja Great, Chola.
986-987. First invasion of Sabuktigin.
c. 995. Accession of Sindhuraja Navasahasanka.
997. Death of Sabuktigin.
998. Accession of Sultan Mahmud.
1001. Great defeat of Jaipal by Sultan Mahmud.
1008. Battle near Und.
1012-1044. Rajendra Chola I.
1013. Mahamud captures Nandana.
Kanauj seized by Mahmud of Ghazni.
c. 1018-55. Bhoja of Dhara.
1026. Sarnath inscription of the time of Mahipala I of Bengal.
Sack of Somnath (during the reign of Bhimdeva I).
1030. Death of Sultan Mahmud.
1039. Death of Gangeyadeva Kalachuri.
c. 1040. Coronation of Lakshmi-karna of the Kalachuri Dynastry.
1070-1122. Rajendra Chola, Kulottunga I.
1076-1127. Vikramaditya VI of Kalyana.
1089-1101. Harsha of Kashmir.
1090. Rise of tne Gahadavalas.
c. 1098. Kirtivarman Chandella.
c. 1106-41. Vishnuvarthana Hoysala.
1113-1114. Foundation of an Era by Siddharaja Jayasimha of Gujarat.
1114-1154. Govinda Chandra, the Great Gahadavala King.
1119. Epoch of the Lakshmana Sena Era.
c. 1143-72. Kumarapala of Gujarat.
1170-1194. Jayachchandra.
1175. Muhammad bin Quasim invades India and captures Multan.
1178. Muhammad defeated in Gujarat.
1179-1242. Bhimdev II of Gujarat.
1191. First battle of Tarain.
1192. Second battle of Tarain.
Fall of Prithviraja III (Chauhan).
1192-1193. Qutb-ud-din Aibak takes Delhi.
1194. Battle of Chandwar. Fall of the Gahadavalas.
1197-1247. Singhana the Great, Yadava King.
c. 1200. Ikhtiyar-ud-din conquers parts of Eastern India.
1206. Death of Muhammad bin Quasim and accession of Qutb-ud-din in India.
1210. Death of Qutb-ud-din.
Accession of Aram Shah.
1210-1211. Accession of Iltutmish.
1221. Invasion of the Mongols under Chengiz Khan.
1228. Ahoms in Assam.
1231-1232. Foundation of the Qutb Minar.
1236. Death of Iltutmish.
Accession and deposition of Firoz.
Accessionof Raziya.
1240. Deposition and murder of Raziya.
Accession of Mu iz-ud-din Bahram.
1241. Capture of Lahore by the Mongols.
1246. Deposition and death of Masud. Accession of Nasir-ud-din Mahamud.
1260-1291. Rudramma, the Great Kakatyia Queen.
1266. Death of Nasir-ud-din Mahamud.
Accession of Ghiyas-ud-din Mahmud.
1279. Latest known date of Rajendra IV Chola.
Rebellion of Tughril in Bengal.
1280. Marco Polo at Kayal.
1290. Death of Kaiqubad.
Accession of Jalal-ud-din Firoz Khilji.
1292. ‘Alauddin Khilji captures Bhilsa.
Mongol invasion.
1294. Devagiri pillaged by ‘Alauddin Khilji.
1296. Accessionof ‘Alauddin Khilji.
1297. Conquest of Gujarat (from Karnadeva II).
1301. Capture of Ranthambhor by Alauddin Khilji.
1302-1303. Capture of Chitor.
Mongol invasion.
1305. Conquest of Malwa, Ujjain, Mandu, Dhar and Chanderi by the Khaljis.
1306-1307. Kafur’s expedition to Devagiri.
1308. Expedition to Warangal.
1310. Malik Naib’s expedition into the South Indian Peninsula.
1316. Death of Alauddin.
Death of Malik Naib.
Deposition of ‘Umar and accession of Qutbuddin Mubarak.
1317-1318. Extinction fo the Yadava Dynasty.
1320. Usurpation of Nasiruddin Khusro.
He is overthrown by
Ghiyasuddin Tughluq.
1321. Expedition to Warangal under Muhammad Jauna (Ulugh Khan).
Rebellion of Muhammad.
1323. Second expedition to Warangal under Muhammad.
Mongol invasion.
1325. Accession of Muhammad bin Tughluq.
1327. Destruction of Kampili.
Transference of the capital form Delhi to Daulatabad.
1328. The Mongols invade India.
1329. Issue of forced currencey of brass and copper for silver.
1333-1334. Arrival of Ibn Batutah.
1336. Traditional date of the foundation of Vijayanagar.
1337-1338. Expedition to Nagarkot.
1338-1339. Independent Sultanate in Bengal.
1339. Shah Mir, King of Kashmir.
1342. Ibn Bututah leaves Delhi on his mission to China.
1347. Alauddin Bahman Shah proclaimed King of the Deccan.
1351. Death of Muhammad bin Tughluq.
Accession of Firoz, son of Rajab.
1353. Firoz’s first expedition to Bengal.
1359. Firoz’s second expedition to Bengal.
1360. Firuz’s expedition to Orissa.
1361. Capture of Nagarkot or Kangra by Firoz.
1363. Firoz’s first expedition to Sind.
1374. Bukka sends an embassy to the Emperor of China.
1377. Extinction of the Sultanate of Madura.
1382. Rebellion of Raja Ahmad or Malik Raja in Khandesh.
1388. Death of Firuz, son of Rajab.
Accession of Ghiyasuddin Tughluq II.
1389. Death of Tughluq II.
1392. Dilawar Khan, Governor of Malwa.
1393. Independent Sultanate of Jaunpur.
1398. Invasion of Taimur.
1414. Khizr Khan occupied Delhi.
1420. Nicolo Conti visits Vijayanagar.
1424. Capture of Warangal by Ahmad Shah Bahmani.
1429. Transfer of the Bahmani capital from Gulbarga to Bidar.
c. 1430-69. Rana Kumbha.
1434-1435. Kapilendra, King of Orissa.
1451. Bahlul Lodi ascends the throne of Delhi.
1459. Foundation of Jodhpur.
1469. Birth of Guru Nanak.
1470. Death of Zain-ul-‘Abidin.
1472. Birth of Farid (Sher Khan).
1481. Murder of Mahmud Gawan.
1484. Independence of Berar.
1486. Abyssinian rule in Bengal.
1486-1487. Fall of the Sangama Dynastry of Vijayanagar.
beginning of the rule of the Saluva Dynastry.
1489. Accession of Sikandar Lodi.
1489-1490. Foundation of the Adil Shahi Dynastry of Bijapur.
1490. Establishment of the independent Nizam Shahi Dynastry of Ahmadnagar.
1493. Husain Shah elected King of Bengal.
1494. Accession of Babur in Farghana.
1497-1498. First voyage of Vasco da Gama.
1504. Babur occupies Kabul.
1505. Beginning of the rule of the Tuluva Dynasty in Vijayanagar.
1509. Albuquerque, Portuguese Governor of India.
Accession of Krishnadeva Raya.
c. 1509-27. Rana Sanga.
1510. The Portugese capture Goa.
1511-1518. Independence of the Kutb Shahi Dynastry of Golkunda.
1513. Death of Albuquerque.
1517. Death of Sikandar Lodi.
Accession of Ibrahim Lodi.
1526. First battle of Panipat.
1527. Battle of Khanua.
1529. Battle of Gogra.
1529-1530. Death of Krishnadeva Raya.
1530. Death of Babur and accession of Humayun.
1534. Humayaun marches to Malwa.
1535. Defeat of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat and his flight of Mandu.
1537. Death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat.
1538. Sher Khan defeats Mahmud Shah of Bengal.
Humayaun enters Gaur.
Death of Guru Nanak.
1539. Sher Khan defeats Humayun at Chausa and assumes sovereignty.
1540. Humayun’s defeat near Kanauj.
1542. Birth of Akbar.
1544. Humayun arrives in Persia.
1545. Death of Sher Shah.
Accession of Islam Shah.
1552. Death of Guru Angad.
1554. Death of Islam Shah.
Accession of Muhammad Adil Shah.
Sikandar Sur in the Punjab.
1555. Humayun recovers the throne of Delhi.
1556. Death of Humayun and accession of Akbar.
Second battle of Panipat.
1558. Death of Ibrahim Sur. End of the Sur Dynastry.
1560. Fall of Bairam Khan.
1561. Mughul invasion of Malwa.
1562. Akbar marries of princess of Amber.
1564. Abolition of the Fizya.
Death of Rani Durgavati and annexation of the Gond kingdom.
1565. Battle of Talikota.
Fall of Chittor.
1569. Capture of Ranthambhor and Kalinjar.
Birth of Salim.
1571. Foundation of Fathpur Sikri.
1572. Akbar annexes Gujarat.
1573. Surat surrenders to Akbar.
Understanding with the Portugueses.
1574. Death of Guru Amardas.
1575. Battle of Tukaroi.
1576. Subjugation of Bengal.
Death of Daud near Rajmahal.
The battle of Haldighati.
1577. Akbar’s troops invade Khandesh.
1580. Accession of Ibrahim Adil Shah II in Bijapur.
First Jesuit mission at Agra.
Rebellion in Bihar and Bengal.
1581. Akbar’s march against Muhammad Hakim and reconciliation with him.
Deat of Guru Ramadas.
1582. Divine Faith promulgated.
1585. Fitch at Agra.
1586. Annexation of Kashmir.
1589. Death of Todar Mal and Bhagwan Das.
1591. Mughul conquest of Sind.
1592. Annexation of Orissa.
1595. Siege of Ahmadnagar.
Acquisition of Quandnagar.
Annexation of Baluchistan.
Death of Faize.
1597. Death of Rana Pratap.
1600. Charater to the London East India Company.
Ahmadnagar stormed.
1601. Capture of Asirgarh.
1602. Death of Abul Fazl. Formation of the United East India Company of the Netherlands.
1605. Death of Akbar and accessionof Jahangir.
1606. Rebellion of Khusro.
Qandahar invested by the Persians.
Execution of the Fifth Sikh Guru, Arjan Dev.
1607. Qandahar relieved by the Mughuls.
Sher Afghan, first husband of Nur Jahan, killed.
1607. Second revolt of Khusro.
1608. Malik Ambar takes Ahmadanagar.
1609. Hawkins arrives at Agra.
The Dutch open a factory at Pulicat.
1611. Jahangir marries Nur Jahan.
Hawkins leaves Agra. The English establish a factory at Masulipatam.
1612. Khurram marries Mumtaz Mahal
First English factory at Surat.
The Mughul Governor of Bengal defeats the rebellions Afghans.
1613. Jahangir’s firman to the English company.
1615. Submission of Mewar to the Mughuls.
Arrival of Sir Thomas Roe in India.
1616. Roe received by Jahangir.
The Dutch establish a factory at Surat.
1618. Roe, after obtaining firmans for English trade, leaves the Imperial Court.
1619. Roe leaves India.
1620. Capture of the Kangra fort.
Shahryar betrothed to Nur Jahan’s daughter (by Sher Afghan).
Malik ‘Ambar revolts in the deccan.
1622. Death of Khusro, Shah Abbas of Persia besieges and takes Qandahar.
Malik Amber takes Bidar.
1625. Dutch Factory at Chinsura.
1626. Death of Malik Ambar.
Rebellion of Mahabat Khan.
1627. Death of Jahangir.
Birth of Shivaji (or 1630 according to some).
1628. Shah Jahan proclaimed Emperor.
1629. Rebellion of Khan Jahan Lodi.
1631. Death of Mumtaz Mahal.
Defeat and death of Khan Jahan Lodi.
1632. Mughul invasion of Bijapur.
Sack of Hugli.
Grant of the Golden Firman to the English company by the Sultan of Golkonda.
1633. End of Ahmadnagar Dynastry.
1634. Firman permitting English trade in Bengal.
1636. Treaties with Bijapur and Golkunda.
Shahji enters the service of Bijapur.
Aurangzeb appointed viceroy of the Deccan.
1638. Peace between the Mughuls and the Ahoms.
Qandahar recovered by the Mughuls.
1639. Foundation of Fort St. George at Madras.
1646. Shivaji captures Torna.
1649. Persians recover Qundahar.
1651. English factory started at Hugli.
Firman granted to the English Company by Shuja.
1653. Aurangzeb reappointed viceroy of the Deccan.
The Dutch start a factory at Chinsura.
1656. The Mughuls attack Hyderabad and Golkonda. Peace with Golkonda. Annexation of Javli by Shivaji. Death of Muhammad Adil Shah of Bijapur. another firman granted to the Engligh by Shuja.
1657. Shivaji raids Ahmadnagar and Junnar but is pardoned.
Invasion of Bijapur by Aurangzeb.
Aurangzeb captures Bidar and Kalyani.
Illness of Shah Jahan.
The war of succession begins.
1658. Battles of Dharmat and Samugarh.
Coronation of Aurangzeb.
1659. Battles of Khajwah and Deorai.
Execution of Dara. Captivity of Murad and Shah Jahan.
Second coronation of aurangzeb.
Murder of Afzal Khan.
1660. Shuja chased from Bengal to Arakan. Mir Jumla appointed Governor of Bengal.
1661. Cession of Bombay to the English.
Execution of Murad. Mughul capture of Cooch Bihar.
1662. Peace with Ahoms.
Death of Sulaiman Shukoh.
1663. Death of Mir Jumla.
Shaista Khan appointed Governor of Bengal.
1664. Shivaji sacks Surat.
1664. Shivaji assumes royal title.
1666. Death of shah Jahan.
Capture of chittagong.
Shivaji’s visit to Agra and escape.
1667. The Yusufzais rebel.
1668. New religious ordinances.
Cession of Bombay to the East India Company.
First French factory started at Surat.
1669. Jat rebellion under Gokla.
1670. Second sack of Surat.
1671. Rise of Chhatrasal Bundela.
1672. Satnami outbreak.
Revolt of the Afridis.
Shaista Khan’s firman to the English Company.
1674. Francois Martin founds Pondicherry.
Shivaji assumes the title of Chhatrapati.
1675. Execution of Teg Bahadur, Guru of the Sikhs.
1677. Shivaji’s conquests in the Carnatic.
1678. Marwar occupied by the Mughuls.
1679. Reimposition of the Zaziya.
Mughul attack on Marwar.
1680. Death of Shivaji.
Rebellion of Prince Akbar.
Aurangzeb’s firman to the English Company.
1681. Loss of Kamarupa by the Mughuls.
Aurangzeb goes to the Deccan.
1686. English war with the Mughuls.
Fall of Bijapur.
1687. Fall of Golkonda.
1689. Execution of Sambhaji. Rajaram succeeds but retires to Jinji.
1690. Peace between the Mughuls and the English.
Calcutta founded.
1691. Defeat of the Jats. Aurangzeb at the zenith of his power.
Grant of a firman by Ibrahim Khan to the English.
1692. Renewed Maratha activity in the Deccan.
1698. The new English Company Trading to the East Indies.
The English obtain zamindari of Sutanati, Calcutta and Govindapur.
1699. First Maratha raid on Malwa.
1700. Death of Rajaram and regency of his widow Tara Bai.
1702. Amalgamation of the English and the London East India Companies.
1703. The Marathas enter Berar.
1706. The Marathas raid Gujarat and sack Baroda.
1707. Death of Aurangzeb.
Battle of Jajau.
Accession of Bahadur Shah.
1708. Shahu, King of the Marathas.
Death of Guru Govind Singh.
1712. Death of the Bahadur Shah.
Accession of Jahandar Shah.
1713. Farrukhsiyar becomes Emperor.
Jahandar Shah murdered.
1714. Balaji Viswanath Peshwa. Husain ‘Ali appointed Viceroy of the Deccan.
The treaty of the Marathas with Husain Ali.
1716. Execution of Banda, the Sikh leader.
1717. Farrukhsiyar’s firman to the English Company.
1719. Husain ‘Ali returns to Delhi with the Marathas.
Farrukhsiyar put to death.
Death of Rafi-ud-Darajat.
Accession of Muhammad Shah.
1720. Accesion of Baji Rao Peshwa.
Fall of the Sayyid brothers.
1724. Saadat Khan appointed Governor of Oudh.
Nizam virtually independent in the /Deccan.
1725-1739. Shujauddin, Governor of Bengal.
1735. Baji Rao recognized by the Imperial government as ruler of Malwa.
1739. Nadir Shah takes Delhi.
Death of Shujauddin and accession of Sarfaraz in Bengal.
The Marathas capture Salasette and Bassein.
1740. Alivardi Khan becomes Governor of Bengal.
Accession of Balaji Rao Peshwa.
The Marathas invade Arcot.
1742. Maratha invasion of Bengal.
Dupleix Governor of Pondichaerry.
Murder of Safdar Ali, Nawab of the Carnatic.
1744-48. First Anglo-French War.
1745. Rise of the Rohillas.
1746. La Bourdonnais takes Madras.
1747. Invasion of Ahamad Shah Abdali.
1748. Death of Nizam-ul-mulk.
Death of Muhammad Shah of Delhi and accession of Ahmad Shah.
1749. Death of Shahu.
Madras restored to the Birtish.
1750. Defeat and death of Nasir Jang.
1750-1754. War of the Deccan and Carnatic succession.
1751. Clive’s defence of Arcot.
Death of Muzaffar Jang and accession of Salabat Jang.
Treaty of Alivardi with the Marathas.
1754. Recall of Dupleix. Godeheu’s treaty with the English.
Accession of Sirajuddaulah.
1756-1763. Seven Year’s War.
1756. Sirajuddaulah captures Calcutta.
1757. Sack of Delhi and Mathura by Ahmad Shah Abdali.
The English capture Chandernagore.
Battle of Plassey.
Mir Jafar made Nawab of Bengal.
1758. Lally in India. The Marathas in the Punjab.
Capture of Masulipatam by Forde.
1759. Forde defeats the Dutch at Bedara.
Ali Gauhar invades Bihar.
Murder of Alamgir II by Ghaziuddin.
1760. Battle of Wandiwash.
Battle of Udgir.
Mir Qasim Nawab of Bengal.
1761. Third battle of Panipat.
Fall of Pondicherry.
Shah Alam II becomes Emperor.
Shujauddaulah becomes wazir.
Acession of Madhava Rao Peshwa.
Rise of Hyder Ali.
1763. Expulsion of Mir Kasim.
1764. Battle of Buxar.
1765. Death of Mir Jafar.
Grant of the Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the British.
Clive, Company’s governor in Bengal.
1766. Grant of the Northern Sarkars to the English.
1767. Departure of Clive.
1767-1769. The first Mysore War.
1770. The Great Bengal Famine.
1772. Warren Hastings appointment as Governor.
Death of Madhava Rao Peshwa.
1773. The Regulating Act.
1774. The Ruhela War.
Warren Hastings becomes governor-General.
Establishment of Supreme Court, Calcutta.
1775-1782. The first Anglo-Maratha War.
1776. The Treaty of Purandhar.
1779. Convention of Wadgaon.
1780. Pohpam’s capture of Gwalior.
1780-1784. Second Mysore War.
1781. Deposition of Chait Singh.
Act passed to amend the Regulating Act.
The Treaty of Salbai.
Death of Hyder ‘Ali.
1783. Death of Coote.
1784. Treatry of Mangalore.
Pitt’s India Act.
1785. Resignation of Warren Hastings.
1786. Lord Cornwallis becomes Governor-General.
1790-1792. Third Mysore War.
1792. Treaty of Sringapatam.
1792. Ranjit Singh succeeds his father as leader of a Sikh.
1793. The permanent Settlement of Bengal.
Renewal of the Company’s charter.
1794. Death of Mahadji Sindhia.
1795. The Battle of Kharda.
Deathof Ahalya Bai.
1797. Zaman Shah at Lahore.
Death of Asafuddaulah of Oudh.
1798. Wazir Ali deposed and secceeded by Saadat Ali.
Lord Mornington (Wellesley) becomes governor-General.
Subsidiary Treaty with the Nizam.
1799. Fourth Mysore War.
Death of Tipu. Partition of Mysore.
Ranjit Singh’s appointment to the governorship of Lahore.
Malcolm’s mission to Persia.
William Carey opens Baptist Mission at Serampore.
1800. Death of Nana Fadnavis.
Establishment of the College of Fort William.
1801. Annexation of the Carnatic.
1802. Treaty of Bassein.
1803-1805. The Second Anglo-Maratha War.
1805. Siege of Bharatpur fails. Recall of Wellesley.
1806. Vellore Mutiny.
1808. Mission of Malcolm to Persia and of Elphinstone to Kabul.
1809. Treaty of Amritsar.
1813. Renewal of the Company’s Charter.
1814-1816. The Anglo-Gurkha War.
1817-1818. The Pindari War.
1817-1819. The Last Anglo-Maratha War.
1819. Elphinstone, Governor of Bombay.
1820. Munro, Governor of Madras.
The Samachar Darpan started.
1824-26. The First Burmese War.
1826. Fall of Bharatpur.
1827. Death of Sir Thomas Munro.
Malcolm, Governor or Bombay.
1828. Lord William Bentinck becomes Governor-General.
1829. Prohibition of Sati.
1829-1837. Suppression of Thuggee.
1830. Rammohan roy visits England.
1831. Raja of Mysore deposed and its administration taken over by the company.
Burnes journey up the Indus.
Meeting of Ranjit and the governor-General at Ropar.
1832. Annexation of Jaintia.
1833. Renewal of the Company’s Charter.
Abolition of the company’s trading rights.
Legislative power centralized.
1834. Annexation of Coorg.
Macaulay Law Member.
Formation of the Agra Province.
1835. Education Resolution.
Metcalfe and abolition of Press restrictions.
1838. Tripartite Treaty between Shah Shuja, Ranjit singh and the English.
1839. Death of Ranjit Singh.
New Treaty forced on the Amirs of Sind.
1939-1842. The First Afghan War.
1843. Conquest of Sind.
Gwalior War.
Suppression of Slavery.
1845-1846. The First Anglo-Sikh War.
1848. Lord Dalhousie becomes Governor-General.
1848-1849. The Second Anglo-Sikh War.
1849. Opening of A Hindu Girls school in Calcutta.
1852. The Second Anglo-Burmese War.
1853. Railway opened from Bombay to Thana.
Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra.
Annexation of Nagpur.
Cession of Berar.
Renewal of the Company’s charter.
1855. The Santal insurrection.
1856. Annexation of Oudh.
University Act.
1857-1858. The Sepoy Mutiny.
1858. British India placed under the direct government of the Crown.
Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.
1859. Indigo disputes in Bengal.
1861. Indian Councils Act.
The Indian High Courts Act.
Introduction of the Penal Code.
1862. Amalgamation of the Supreme and Sadar courts into High Courts.
1864. Bhutan War.
1865. The Orissa Famine. Opening of telegraphic communication with Europe.
1868. Punjab Tenancy Act. Railway opened from Ambala to Delhi. Sher Ali, Amir of Afghanistan, receives an annual Grant of six lacs of rupees.
1869. Ambala Conference with Sher Ali.
Yakub’s rebellion in Afghanistan.
1870. Mayo’s Provincial Settlement.
1873. The Simla conference.
1874. The Bihar famine. Disraeli becomes Prime Minister in England.
1875. Gaikwar of Baroda’s case. Visit of the Prince of Wales.
1876. The Royal Titles Act.
1876-77. Delhi Durbar.
The Queen of England proclaimed Empress of India.
1878. Outbreak of the Second Anglo-Afghan War.
Vernacular Press Act.
Famine Commission.
1881. Factory Act.
Rendition of Mysore.
1882. Hunter Commission.
1883. The Ilbert Bill.
1885. First Meeting of the Indian National Congress.
Bengal Tenancy Act.
Bengal Local Self-Government Act.
Third Anglo-Burmese War.
1886. Annexation of Upper Burma.
Delimitation of Afghan northern boundary.
1889. Abdication of Maharaja of Kashmir.
Second visit of Prince of Wales.
1891. Factory Act.
Age of Consent Act.
Manipur Rebellion.
1892. Indian councils Act.
1893. Durand’s mission to Kabul.
1897. Frontier risings.
Plague at Bombay.
Famine Commission.
1899. Lord Curzon becomes Governor General.
1900. Famine Commission.
1904. British Expedition to Tibet.
Universities Act.
Co-operative Societies Act.
1905. The First Partition of Bengal.
Lord Minto becomes Governor-General.
Morley Secretary of State for India.
1906. Foundation of the Muslim League.
Congress declaration regarding Swaraj.
1907. The Anglo-Russian Convention.
1908. The Newspapers Act.
1909. The Morley-Minto Reforms.
Appointment of S.P. Sinha to the Governor-General’s Councial.
1910. Lord Crewe Secretary of State for India.
1911. The Delhi Durbar.
Partition of Bengal modified.
Census of India.
1912. Removal of the Imperial capital to Delhi.
1913. Educational Resolution of the Government of India.
1914-1918. The First World War.
1915. Defence of Inda Act.
1916. Sadler Commission.
The Lucknow Pact of the Indian National Congress and the all-India Muslim League.
The Home Rule League founded.
Foundation of the Women’s University at Poona.
1917. Mr. Montagu’s declaration in the House of Commons. His visit to India.
1917-1918. Indians made eligible for the King’s Commission.
The Indain National Liberal Federation.
Report of the Industrial Commssion.
1919. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms.
Punjab Disturbances.
Royal Proclamation.
1920. The Khilafat Movement. The Non-Co-operation Movement.
Lord Sinha, Governor of Bihar and Orissa.
Mahatma Gandhi leads the Congress.
1921. Chamber of Princes.
The Prince of Wales visits India.
Census of India.
1922. Resignation of Mr. Montague.
1923. Swarajists in India Councils.
Certification of Salt tax.
1925. All-India Depressed Class Association.
Reforms Enquiry Committee Report.
Death of C.R. Das.
Formation of Inter-University Board.
1926. Lord Reading’s letter to the Nizam.
Royal Commission of Agriculture.
Factories Act.
1927. Indian Navy Act.
Appointment of the Simon Commission.
Capetown Agreement.
1928. Deposition of Amanullah, King of Afghanistan.
All-Parties Conference.
The Nehru Report.
Report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.
1928-1933. Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan.
1929. Lord Irwin’s Announcement of 53st October.
Trade Union split.
Establishment of the Imperial Council of Agricultural research.
Appointment of the royal Commission of Indian Labour.
1930. Civil Disobedience Movement.
Report of the Statutory Commission.
Rebellion in Burma.
Round Table Conference (First Session).
1931. Irwin-Gandhi Pact.
Census of India.
Round Table Conference (Second Session)
1931. Publication of the Royal Labour commission’s Report.
1932. Suppression of the Congress. Round Table Conference (Third Session).
The Communal award. The Poona pact.
The Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dun.
1933. Publication of the White Paper.
1934. Civil Disobedience Movement called off.
The Indian Factories Act, 1934.
The Bihar Earthquake.
Joint Committee on Indian Constitutional Reform.
1935. New Government of Indian Act.
1936. Death of King-Emperor George V (21st January).
Accession of George VI.
1937. 1st April—Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy.
Congress Ministries in the mojority of Provinces.
1939. Second World War begins (3rd September).
Resignation of Congress Ministries and the beginning of political deadlock of India.
1941. Japan enters the war (7th December). Pearl Harbour incident.
1942. Fall of Singapore (15th February).
Evacuation of Rangoon (7th March).
Cripps Mission (22nd March-12th April).
Evacuation of Burma (29th April).
August Revolution and arrest of Indian Leaders.
1943. Lord Wavell Governor-General.
Lord Mountbatten Supreme Commander of South-East Asia.
1944. Gandhi-Jinnah talks opened in Bombay on Sri Rajagoplacharai’s proposals for solution of constitutional deadlock (9th September).
Talks break down on Pakistan issue (27th September).
1945. Lord Wavell’s broadcast announcing Biritish government’s determination to go ahead with the task for fitting India for self-government (19th September).
First trial of Indian National Army men opened (5th November).
1946. Mutiny in Royal Indian Navy (18th February).
Announcement of special mission of Cabinet Ministers to India (19th February).
Cabinet Mission’s plan announced (16th May).
British Cabinet’s plan for Interim government announced (16th June).
Muslim League decides to participate in the Interim Government; Congress announces acceptance of the long-term part of 16th May plan, But refuses invitationv to participate in Interim Government (25th June).
Muslim League withdraws its acceptance and decides on a policy of direct action (29th July). This leads to outbreak of mob violence in Calcutta (16th August).
Interim Government formed (2nd September).
Muslim League members sworn in (26th October).
constituent assembly’s first meeting (9th December).
1947. British Government’s historic announcement of transfer of power to ‘responsible Indian hands’ not later than June, 1948. Lord Mountbatten’s appointment as Viceroy of India in succession to Lord Wavell (20th February).
Announcement of Lord Mountbatten’s plan for Partition of India (3rd June).
Indian Independence Act (15th August).
1948. Death of Mahatama Gandhi (30th January).
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari appointed Governor-General (21st June).
Death of Qaid-i-Azam Jinnah (11th September).
Troops of government of India enter Hyderabad State (September).
1949. New Constitution of Indian adopted and signed (26th November).
1950. New Constitutioncomes into force (26th January).

Shopping Cart


Click one of our contacts below to chat on WhatsApp

× How can I help you?